The Ins and Outs of IRS Wage Garnishment: What You Need to Know
An IRS wage garnishment can be the most financially debilitating and stressful occurrences. Those with money troubles are often blindsided when their employer is ordered to submit a percentage of their wages directly to the IRS. In addition to being financially and emotionally troublesome, wage garnishment can also be a slippery and confusing slope to endure. The ins and outs of what exactly it means, how much the IRS is entitled to take and your rights as a citizen should be carefully understood. Often, a tax attorney or outside professional may be brought in to provide IRS wage garnishment help. However, if a professional cannot be obtained, understanding IRS wage garnishments on your own is the first step to getting out of tax debt.
There are a number of reasons why the IRS will garnish your wages. Generally it happens due to unpaid back taxes. Other situations such as unpaid child support, alimony or student loan debt can also be the cause. Some tax laws vary by state, so it’s important to understand the laws specific to your location. If the process has begun the IRS is entitled to 25 percent of your disposable income or, according to AllLaw.com, “the amount that your income exceeds 30 times the federal minimum wage, whichever is less.” AllLaw.com goes on to explain:
“Your disposable income is established by subtracting required deductions from your total paycheck. Required deductions include things like federal and state taxes, state unemployment insurance taxes, Social Security, and required retirement deductions. They do not include voluntary deductions, such as health and life insurance, charitable donations, savings plans, and more.”
Wage garnishment due to child support or alimony can be the most debilitating. In most cases, the child support is taken from your paycheck and sent directly to the other parent. Half of your disposable income can be withheld. At the time of the order, if you are not supporting another child or spouse, up to 60 percent can be taken. In cases of unpaid student load debt, up to 15 percent of your disposable income can be taken. Many state taxing authorities have their own formulas on how to determine what can be spared from your take home pay.
(Source: How Much of my Wages Can Be Garnished? http://www.alllaw.com/articles/nolo/bankruptcy/wage-garnishment-amount.html)